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T S  U  N  A  M  I

Normal water waves generated by wind
crinkling the surface of oceans
have a wave length l of  up to 150 m, up to 3 m high,
with a speed of up to 30 kilometers/h [20 miles/h].

Tsunami is produced by an undersea earthquake,
an underwater landslide or volcanic eruption.
Tsunami's wave involves deep water [as tides do]
reaching just the ocean bottom.
    In deep water the  l  of  tsunami's wave
may be up to 500 kilometer [300 miles] or greater
and of an height of  50 cm [~ 20 inches].
Tsunami's wave may be as wide as the Pacific ocean.
The speed of tsunami may reach up to 700 Km/h [434 miles/h]
Tsunami is not dangerous in deep water.
Single waves are less than few meters high.
    In shallow water, near the coasts,
the  l of  tsunamis wave
may be of 1.5 - 3 km [1 - 2 miles],
with an height of up to 30 m [100 feet] or  more.

    Tsunami waves loses energy at a rate inversely related to  l.


The Speed, S, of tsunamis water waves
is obtained from:

                                  S = [g * d] 0.5

where 'g' equals the acceleration of gravity [ = 9.8 m / s2 ]
and d = water depth in meters [m].
Accordingly, the relationship between water depth and the tsunami's waves speed equals:

    d, m      S 
 m / sec
    S
  km / h
     
 miles/h
    5000     221    796    493
    4000     200    720    446
    2000     140    504    313
    1000       99    356    221
      500       70     252    156
      100        31    112      69
       10        9      32      20
         1        3      10        6